Pretty Ballerina was the second single for the American Baroque pop outfit The Left Banke. The song was written about a ballerina called Reneé Fladen in 1965, who 16 year old songwriter Michael Brown was infatuated with. Their debut single Walk Away Renée was written about the same girl, as was She May Call You Up Tonight. The muse in question was the then girlfriend of Tom Finn, the bassist in the band.
Here´s a pic of the lovely Renée from way back when.
“I was just sort of mythologically in love, if you know what I mean, without having evidence in fact or in deed…But I was as close as anybody could be to the real thing”
She was present in the studio during the recording of Walk Away Renée and Brown found it very difficult to play at the time.
“My hands were shaking when I tried to play, because she was right there in the control room… There was no way I could do it with her around, so I came back and did it later.”
Here´s the song:
Pretty Ballerina was name-checked by Leonard Bernstein in his Inside Pop Revolution, a programme where the great American Composer sat at a piano, analysed songs and interviewed young rock stars who he felt were creating something new and revolutionary during the late 60´s.
It´s well worth a look and features a 23 year old Brian Wilson of the Beach Boys playing Surf´s Up on piano (a song from his doomed follow up to Pet Sounds, the unreleased Smile) and also Frank Zappa, Graham Nash as well as the music of the Beatles among others.
“There´s a group known as the Left Banke that has a tune called Pretty Ballerina, and this tune is built, not in the usual major or minor scales, but in a combination of the Lydian and Mixolydian modes. Imagine that? It comes out with a sort of Turkish or Greek sound.”
Incidentally Bernstein´s own “Maria” from West Side Story was written in Lydian mode.
Now I´m not going to go into all that “What´s a Mixolydian mode?” business now, but if you´re interested you can read up on musical modes here.
The band originated in New York City, where Michael Brown (born Michael Lookofsky) was the production assistant at the small recording studio of his father, and accomplished jazz violinist, Harry Lookofsky. Brown was a classically trained musician and he used to sit in with some of the other session players on recordings. He made friends with bassist Tom Finn, drummer George Cameron and singer Steve Martin Caro in 1965 and under his father´s management they became The Left Banke.
With the success of their first two singles in 1966, the band embarked on a tour in early 1967 to promote the album Walk Away Renée/Pretty Ballerina, until songwriter Brown decided to quit touring and become a full time studio musician (á la Brian Wilson).
Brown´s decision caused ill feeling in the band where the small rift soon became a full on mutiny. Brown had put together a group of session musicians (like Wilson did) to record their third single Ivy Ivy/And Suddenly which was released in March 1967. The recordings featured two different lead singers, future Spinal Tap member Michael McKean, and Bert Sommer. The other band members urged a boycott through their fanclub, and hired attorneys to issue a cease-and-desist order, and the single was subsequently pulled by their label Mercury/Smash Records, and as a result the single failed to chart. This was way before the Beatles had even considered sueing each other, so you could say they were ahead of their time.
Radio stations were unsure which Left Banke to support and although the group reunited in late 1967, because of the earlier controversy, the radio stations were now reluctant to plug their latest single Desiree, which consequently charted at #98.
Brown left the group permanently soon after and was replaced by Emmet Lake, who with Cameron, Finn and Martin continued to record and tour. Tom Feher then replaced Lake on keyboards and wrote half the bands new material for their second record The Left Banke Too which was recorded by the various incarnations of the band during ´67 and ´68 and featured many Brown-penned songs and a young Steve Tyler, later of Aerosmith, on backing vocals.
They never again regained the popularity of their first two hit singles and went on to disappear into obscurity. They influenced, and were influenced by, many of the bands around them at the time, such as The Byrds, The Beatles, The Zombies and others from the British Invasion, and much later REM and Belle & Sebastian. Founder member, Tom Finn is now back together with George Cameron and others touring with a string section and recording new material with contributions from Michael Brown. He was joined on stage in April 2012 by Brown in B.B. Kings in New York and the pair received a standing ovation. Rick Brand (guitarist 1966 to ´67) was also in attendance at the gig.
Here´s an interview with Tom and George along with other members of the current line up after their acclaimed gig at The Bearsville Theatre on 8/20/11.
Pretty Ballerina appeared in the movie Apocalypse Now and has been covered by Alice Cooper, The Eels, The Bluetones among others.